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tv   Worldfocus  WETA  November 13, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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tonight on "rldfocus" -- preside obama in jan. the chging relationship of an assertive,ew japanese leader stes outis ground. wi jobs in thebalance, the british gornment tries to deal with arowing backlash over immigtion. > pakistan unr atta. th latestdeadlybombing shows that not en the cntry's spy agency issafe. how acountry richin culture d history is gog afte tourist welme to iraq. from the worls leadin reporters and anysts here' what's hpening around the world. this is "wldfocus."uc=cíz major supporhas been provided by rosli p. walter and the
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peter g. petern foundation, dedicated to proting fiscal respsibility and addressing key economic challenges fang amica's future. additional funng is provided by theollowing supporters held sloe good evening. i'm daljit aliwal. when president obama arrived in japa today on the fit stop of his first trip to asia, heame ce to face with a man not unlike himself. a new leader wh swept into office on a prome ochange. includinasserting greater independce in dealing with the united states. prime minist yukio hatoyoma s kept that prise, making i clearhat japan will no lo ar how itself t be treated as a rubber stamp for u.s. policy, especily on the issuef american milary bases. has gtten wasngton's tention, and itsrespect.
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and by today, relations seemed to be warming, ce again. in night's "lead focus" the presidensanalysis of u.s./japanese relation. president obama arrived in tokyo, t first stop on a four-nation tour that include siapore, china, south korea. shortly after hi arrival, esident obama met with e japanese primminister, yukio hatoyoma. among the issues on thetable, o afghanistan, north korea and global warming. in theiralks obama d the prime minister addressed bigges sore spot in u.s./japan relations the pressness of an air base in okinawa. ny are demanding the base be closed with protests taking place before the presidens arrival. both countriewould meet to
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address japan's concern about the base. >> our goal remains the same, and that's torovide for the defee of ja. with minimal intsion on the lives the people w share the pa. >> a report are the for the christian scnce motor, based in toyo. heays that, despite the deep divisions ov oak now what prident obama remains personally ppular withany janese. >> reporte one observer told mehat president obama is seen 3 hero who emerged from the cially vulnerable. many peopl follow the presidt election last year. so janese attacd to this president. >> much has been mde of prime minist yukio hatoyoma's pledge to be sertive with americans on other issues le support for thu.s. war effort in afanistan. on presint oma's way to japan, the issue of afghanistan
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never seed to be far away. during refueling stop at an air force baseinanchorage, alaska, theresident spoke to american troops. although he de no direct meion of afghanistan, he did make this pledge - >> i will not risk your lives unless it is necessary to america's vital inrest. and if it isnecessary, the united states of americaill have your back. >> forore on president obama's japan trip, we're joined by an expert on u.s.apan relations wi medley globa advisers which provides economic and politica analysis toinancial compies. thank you r joinings on the progra >> thank you f having me. >> talk about the chlenges th japan's new ldership faces. are they pure economic? >> well, there's economic. there' a great challenge,
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there'a huge debt burden piled up. but they ned to ensure growth. the new government wts to transform jap from an econo that's basically driven by experts to one thas driven more by domestic demand especially consption, which is a grt challenge. it's a good idea, actually, but how it's going toe done, i n't think they figuredt ou and thenthere are iues, a number of foreign policy questis, especially the relationship with the unit states which has been jolted a little bit. >> let's talk a little bit about the relationship do you think thatt is evolving, wt is the current status of it? the japanese have stopped refueling amican ships supporting the war effort in afghanistan. but the same time, th have pledged $5kqjç7 blion in n aid
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for humanitarianid in afanistan. do you think that japan is sending mix signals to the news. >> it's reminiscent of the old checkbook diplomacy. we d't want to send people get involved phically. weant to pay. so ere's that unease, i think, among people who would le to see japan mo truly participate in the internatnal operations. so that's one thing. >> of course, the be issue, the u.s. military bases in okinawa, hp us understand why th have become such a sensitive issuein pan. >> well, they have been a sensitive issue for decades. part of it that is okinawa, a small island group, bears disprortionate burden of keeping the u.s. forces in
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japan. there's anelement of history, okinawa also suffered disproportionately ithe war towards theend and there's guil feeling in e mainnd towards inawa to impose that kind of burden. yet of course, nobody wants to bring th bases to tir place. an agreement was already -- already reach in 2006 t bring the helicopterbase offshor a little bit and bri some of the marines back to guam. th agreeme has beenreached t the -- even the form governme of japan was very slow to implement it, and the new government wantto look at it, riew it which of course e united states doesn't want too. >>briefly, howdo you see it being resolved? >> myense is thathat the formergreement will probably prevail, b given theature of
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the obama administration,hey may mpromise a litt bit more. >> well, thank you veryuch for joinin us on the program. tomorrow,president obama will be i singapore attending the asiaacific economic conference. toy, china' president said that asia pacifiountries must oppose whate called unreasonable tde and investment restrictionsmposed on developi natio. he sai thateasures take by china during the global receion have helped it maintain steady and relatively fast eonomic growt >> translator: our focusn countering the crisis to expand domesti mand, especily consumer demand. we mus continue to promote trade and investment liberalizaon. >> china with economic grth of 8% expected this year, largely iving the recoveryf the global economy. europe, on the other hand, wle emergi from its recession, only inchg along. new figuresut today show tat
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gross domestic productin the 16 countries that usethe euro rose but by 4% during the la quter. and britn, among others, remains stuck in the debts ofrb recession. tough times inritain has fuled a growing debate abou immigration d a backlashhat is foing the government to respond. e issue is jobs. in a report fil last night, gary givin of n look as what e politicians and ordinar britons are saying abouthe subject. >> rorter: gordon brown's aides worry the governmens been too quiet on immigrati, leaving a vacuum which extremis have ocpied. today the prime minist tried address tha he said immigration was a question tt should be a the hearof our politicsand he sa he understood the were risks and costs to iigration, as well as vantages. if you're living in a time whic hasn't seen much migtion fore you may worry about whether immigration wl
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unrmineages and the job prospects of your ildren and whether they will able toet housing anywhere near yo people ask me, do i get it? yes, i get it. i've beelisning. i uerstand. >> repter: to calm the feeling the ime minister announced the door was being closed to hospal consultants, civi engineers and oths from ouide the european union. critics said it w a trivia gesture. if i go down some of tse streets, whe the red ds are, i'm going find voters are with immigratn very inc of the front their mind. >> repter: we talked to t man who designed the mosaic program it takesarketing data to loce different ter types. we wanted to findoters to angry aboummigration they might leave lar for the bnp. >> so think particularly t laborparty will be concerned about this type bause this is wheremmigration is likely to ad to defecti. >> reporter: t professor bber tells us to try a post
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code inessex. wh is the nber one issu for you the momt? >> immigrati. without a shadow of a ubt. imunemployed. ve -- e cotry's flopped. >> imgration. >> reporr: im's the number one issue for yo >> yes, yes. i think we should -- we' got too many ople ithe country, as it is, and i think we should cut down o it. >> reporter: the prime mister says it gives a spee today saying tt he gets i on immigratio do you think politicis get it on immigration? >> i d't think s no. they just let as many people in ashey can, i ink. >> reporte a labor mp with a 6,00strong majority. but some polls suggest een seats leak this are loing vulnerable. d this is the seat the bnp leader, nick griffin, decided contest in theeneral eltion. people arod gordon own are
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worried thatny n. seat like this the issue of immigration for some voter is in dangerf fusing with theissue of distrust of all politicians, fed itself byhe expensessaga. that would be a potent, tic mission tur for labor, dring manyoter as way, they fer, some io thearms of extremists. >> the everyday llow, people in thiscountry, have had enough. and that's why they're leaning towards the likes of bnp. as soon as someone sys britain for the british, they will lean towards bnp. >> rorter: you don't feel you're acist? >> imnot racist, no. to be honest with you,talk about politicians you know, they're coupt. i an you want m to actually put my vote t someonewho runs this country, who do i vote for that's n creaming off expenses who do i vote fo? >> reporter: a recent poll showed that immigtion was the nuer one iss provoking former labor voters to abstain or switch to fringe parties.
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t this is the prp's second eech on the subje since he came t number 10. worried he left it dangeusly left to reh voter that is gnificant and gloeg constituencies like this. gary gibbon channe 4 ws. >> what'syour opinionn this subject? should countrs facing tough times close the doorto immigrant that they have previously acceed? that is ou questio tonight. you catell us what you think by going to "the how you see it page at we tn to the war in afghanistan now. as you heard at top the program, iwas on president obama's nd even as he traveled to asia. at his news conference with prime minister hoyama, the
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present repeated his position that t united states cannot be engaged in an open-eed commitment. when asked about the drawn-o delibetions on sending more troops to afghanistan, t esident said that he will decide soon. >> i recognize tt there have been critics of the proces beenicritics of the proces think, are direcy involved in what's happening in afghantan. those who ar recognize the avity of the situation and recognize the impoance of us gettg this right. >> yesterday,hen we askedyou about sending more troops to afghanistan, the ovehelming response was no, don't do it. and manyf you added this -- bring ose already there home. as one viewer put it russians left ande should leave as soon as possible. the tribalars have been going on there forcenturies. maybe one day they' just get
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tired of fighting. let them be. the challens fang ighboringakistanere undersred, once again, toda surgents carried out a series of attacks ashe government continues s campaign ainst e talibann the northwest o sout. there were at least three attacks. thworst of them, a truck bombing in peshawar. at leasten people were killed an55 poued in that attack as al jazeera engli elains it, the targets continu to pakistan's surity operations. >> reporr: yet another attk inpeshawar. the rget thistime the national intelligence agency. the powerful early morning blast badly damad a twotory building. local police here s a suicide bomber attacked the main gate of thecomplex. securityorces put a cordon
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around t area emergency workers rushed to trt the injured. once again, scenes of desperation and hospitals as medicalrews t s tended to e ctims. pakistan has been on highlert fo weeks but the attas keep coming. withinours of the peawar tack, a police station was hit by anoth suicide bomr who drove his vehicle into the police station, aving more dead and wounded. meanwhil a cooy caying fuel for nato forces was torche a it passed through envut to nto forces battling taliban insurgen in afghistan. an lifts have been warning that theintensification of the attacks by the taliban may be the counteroffensivive. many, they y, have beenble escape the military operation in south waziristan and have been able to regroup elsewhere.
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al jazeera, islamabad. time now for our iday roundtablen the week'stop inrnational news stories tonight we are gng to focus germy and europe 20 years after the fall o the berlin wall. how s life changed with a reunified germany a the emernce of eastern europe after communism? joining us again, senior editor of "newsweek" iernational editns and garrick utley, former corspondent and anchor for nbc news. d now present of the aven institute of e state universityf new york. welcome tooth of you. niceo see you aga charge thank you. >> garri, let me start with you, fis of all. you were a young man back then whenhe warll wt up.
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you we to germany in 1961 and ayed as the berlin correspondent. give is your insights give us somenecdotes how you thi th a reunified germany has changed the deiny ofeurope. >> is changed in so many ways. first of all an historic event 20 year agoith the fall of the wall. it was -- we discovered ver quickly it was easier to reunite a count, legally, constitutioningly witha common flag than reite it psyclogically. the siificance is not just what happened, the fll of the wa, but why it happened and when it happened. it happed because mikhail goachev wasn't going prent it from happing he wasn't going to sore the communist leaders in easterneurope but also thetiming of what happened. 1989, we were in the early days of the dital age a the cold war power was industrial power, milita power.
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we were movinto technical por. i was in new yk the day fell. m procbrokaw was in new york picked april celphone and call thnbc office. we went on theirahead of anybody else breaking the news the wall was opening up. that to,n my memories the technological portance and symbolic impornce we got the ne through tenology and the rushs aneast gerns were behind. >> youere there for eight year as european economic correspondent of "newswee" share some andotes of your time with there and your thoughts of how the coveragead gone 20 years after fall of the berl wall. >> i aived in 00. the key takeaway by that time germany had ben reingrated as the economic center of europe, which is its tditional role. and it provi i by that time,
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certainly noa healthy modelf globalizationoth for europe and the rest of the world. germany was able to keep a stroanufacturing sector unli ric countes because it was able to tap resource of the east and of later eastern ropean asession cntries and it's been a virtuous rcle. the's a strong germ factory sectorwhich is one of the reasons they've come out of global crisis this year fast than others and there's prosperity gwing in east as well. >>ive us some moreetailed knowledge, in term of the economics and politi and cultural perspective how you think lifeas change ford eastern europeans if y're on the audobon now you'll be going slower than y were 20 yars ago because there's more traffic. in rms of what life likes like what you hav in germany and the
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restf the europe as a nsequence of reunification is a middle cla that looks like an american middlelass. now there's level of pros pa prosrity. people tral more, they c eat wild salmon w and then. it's an americantyle ddle class than fore. >> is it sething you age with? >> yes, thetandard of living not just the question of middle class the standard o living but the globalization inuence the inteation of cultural tastes and habits so you don't fe you're i a foreign places ch as you mht have inthe st. as we look back onhese days and 20 years ago, for yearhe w di't know what to call the era, we pt callingt the post cold war e for 15 years. but it's looking back at fact that, again,he greatest gt eupeans have begin the world in last half of the0th century was the gift of peace.
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either day we had merkel and sarkozy paris commemorating the end ofworld war i wi the eternalflame, and that doesot exist at all aut what a different, won de drful place t worldis todayed. >> w there anything fm the coverage missing? youu habit of le looking rsort of misty-eyed at the past. but was the anything that mped out at you in terms o how we repord this story? >> yeah, i'd go bck to the ecomic storyhich has ben derplayed. germany is leading the world really outf ression. it washe firstountry to company out of recession and i think that that in large part ñeen able to strike with keeping a rong manufacturing sector wth going up t value chain. it's prompt thven thatou can ha
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these jobsnd youon't have to outsource evything to china. >> what we she in common, between thwasurope tod, hodo you deal with china,ith ind india, with the competitioout the. he same boat. weaven't figured t annswer to that. president obama' visiting asia, japan, china andhe europeans e concned and the gern are coerned and right we should be concerned. >> thank you very much for joining pus. filly tight, we are gointo take you to iraq. now before you think we're going to bring you one mo story about war and violence, lets explain. we didn't know this,erhaps you didn'tither, but iraq i starting to mpete for tourists. it may be a bit early for aig advertising campaign, t the rketing ofraq has begun.
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for a story you probably haven't seen anywhe else we rn al jazeer english. >> repter: the city of babylon, home to one of the sen wonders of the ancie world. it is a treasured sight in iraq row after ro ofuins and temples lie wting to be plored. but toda there's not many tourists in iraq. years of war and continng violence mean thatnly the most trepid travelers are willing to venture here. you think many peop would want to go on holiday to aq? notreally. >> reporter: but these men are hoping to change that. they're in london, trying to sell holiday and international travel expo. >> translator: there are challenges and threats. but now secity has improved. it's 90% secue. >> reporte the hands of victory, as they're kno acros 15 halam husse's ground
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baghdad. among the well-known lanarks. >> i did go there as a toust in1989 after the i rain india war and before the gulf war, and it was a ce place to visit. i had aice week there. >> reporr: but holidays here are a hard sell. iraq remainsunstable. there are still regular bomngs and civiliankillings >> any country where you have situatio like war or like civil war or where y have terrorist actik tests makes impossib impossible. >> reporter: iraq'economy needdie certify indication beyond oil. toism is an ovious choice. for nothe ruins are not e only attractio al jazeera. >> and that is it for this week. theris a lot more news and perspective on o website at worldfocus.o. i'm daljit dhawal in new york.
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ank you for joining us. we will see youback here mond. until then have a great weekend. and good-bye. > major support for "worldfocus" has been provid by rosalind p. wter and the peteg. peterson foundation, dedited to promoting fiscal responsibility and aressing key econic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding pvided by the folwing supporters --
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